what is the capital of chile
Santiago. Many musicians have left the country. There are also internal security forces, the Carabineros, numbering 30,000 men. The junta is militarizing the economy and strengthening the country’s ties with the imperialist states. Power passed to the financial and landowning elite, which facilitated the country’s subjugation to British capital and, from the early 20th century, to US capital. In 1977 only 23 industrial enterprises remained under state management. Chile's industries largely process its raw materials and manufacture various consumer goods. The president may not be elected to consecutive terms. US monopolies came to dominate the Chilean economy. It is separated from the mainland by the Corcovado and Ancud gulfs and the Chacao Channel; the waters around the island are used as nursery by blue whales...... Click the link for more information. Wilflife and flora are protected in the Villarrica, Los Paraguas, Pérez Rosales, Puyehue, and Juan Fernández national parks and in the Nahuelbuta Preserve. Sheep raising is the chief pastoral occupation, providing wool and meat for domestic use and for export. A decree issued on Dec. 17,1974, made the head of the junta, General A. Pinochet Ugarte, president of the republic. Professional music arose at the time of the struggle for independence and the proclamation of the republic. The army, plus a few intellectuals, established a government devoid of democratic forms. Among the Araucanians, the most advanced and warlike of the Chilean tribes, a matriarchal clan system was giving way to a patriarchal one. In the Pacific Ocean are Chile's several island possessions, including Easter IslandEaster Island,Span. ), Ethnic groups: Spanish descent and mixed Spanish-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%, Religions: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3%. The southern and southeastern parts of Chile are occupied by the eastern slopes of the Andes and sections of the Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego plains near the Strait of Magellan. In 1879, Great Britain incited Chile to declare war on Peru and Bolivia in order to appropriate the large deposits of saltpeter on their territory. Fanpop quiz: What is the Capital of Chile ? The ensuing struggle for power among the various factions culminated in 1830 in the victory of the Conservatives, who represented the interests of the landowning oligarchy and the church and who relied on the support of foreign capitalists. Drama groups were also formed at the Catholic University of Chile (1943) and at the university in Concepción. It houses numerous regional headquarters of multinational corporations. In 1970 the country’s work force totaled 3.3 million persons, of whom 21 percent were engaged in agriculture, lumbering, fishing, and hunting (compared to 28 percent in 1960), 16 percent were employed in manufacturing (18 percent), 3 percent worked in the mining industry (4 percent), 6 percent were employed in transportation (5 percent), and 54 percent worked in the service sector (45 percent), including trade (12 percent, up from 10 percent in 1960). Tired of mockery, Austrian village changes name the Andes peaks, frequently exceeding 6,000 m, are for the most part the cones of extinct or active volcanoes (Guallatiri, San Pedro, Tupungato, Maipo). ChuquicamataChuquicamata, former town, Antofagasta region, N Chile, on the western slopes of the Andes. Nevertheless, Carrera’s dictatorial regime provoked feuding that weakened the patriots’ camp. The largest copper-molybdenum mines are Chuquicamata in El Loa Province, El Salvador in Chañaral Province, and El Teniente in Cachapoal Province; together with the Rio Blanco and Exótica mines in Santiago Province, these three deposits yield 85 percent of Chile’s copper output. It was a founding member of the Union of South American Nations and the United Nations. Santiago has a concentration of industries producing foodstuffs, shoes, textiles, clothes, and metallurgy and copper mining. Chile stretches from north to south for a distance of 4,300 km, forming a narrow band 15 to 355 km wide between the Pacific coast and the high Andes Mountains. Learn. Capital of Chile. The agricultural South-Central Economic Region includes Arauco and Bío-Bío provinces of the Eighth Region and the Ninth and Tenth regions, excluding Chiloé Province. It houses numerous regional headquarters of multinational corporations. Chile's economy is based on the export of minerals, which account for about half of the total value of exports. In 1946 a group of professional and amateur actors created the Independent Theater, which adopted the Stanislavsky method. The Communist Party has appealed to all the country’s democratic, antifascist forces to unite firmly and broaden the struggle to overthrow the Pinochet dictatorship. A commercial and agricultural center in a region of orchards and vineyards, it is a popular resort...... Click the link for more information. A philharmonic society was founded in Santiago in 1827, and a music school was opened there in 1849, becoming a conservatory in 1851. South of 41° 30’ S lat. Founded in 1552, it was a fortress in the defense against the Araucanians and was a royalist center during the war of..... Click the link for more information. The country is composed of three distinct and parallel natural regions—from east to west, the Andes, the central lowlands, and the Coast Ranges. Throughout the 19th century theaters, including private ones, were established in many towns. The metropolitan area called Greater Santiago and corresponds to the capital of the Metropolitan Region of Santiago which is the capital city of Chile . The 1920 presidential candidate of the Liberal Alliance, a coalition of all the enemies of the conservatives, Alessandri was elected on a reform platform...... Click the link for more information. miles). Largest Cities in Chile There are no cities in Chile with a population of more than 1 million, although a few come close, and some are much larger when the entire metropolitan area is considered. 276,737), capital of Valparaiso region, central Chile. Some of its 32 municipalities are very affluent and some are very poor. In the 2013 presidential election, Bachelet ran for a second term and, after falling short of an outright victory in the first round, handily won the runoff, defeating conservative Evelyn Matthei Fornet. O’Higgins’ struggle against the privileges of the landed oligarchy and the Catholic Church, along with his efforts to implement progressive reforms and restrict the church’s influence, provoked dissatisfaction among the feudal-clerical circles. pop. Chile broke relations with the Axis (1943) and declared war on Japan in 1945. 105,600), capital of Coquimbo region, N central Chile, on the Elqui River. Naval subdivisions include an air force of about 20 airplanes and ten helicopters, a marine brigade, and a coastal artillery. Valparaíso [Span.,=vale of paradise], city (1992 pop. The largest of the country’s 18 major libraries is the National Library, founded in 1813 and containing 1.2 million volumes in 1977. The military violence of the Pinochet era remains an incompletely resolved issue in Chilean society. Fauna. Since January 1977 limited activity has been permitted to the National Party (Partido Nacional), which was created in 1966 through a merger of the Conservative and Liberal parties and which drew its support from the landowning and financial-industrial oligarchy. (who had instituted a program of labor reforms during his tenure from 1920 to 1924, and who commanded widespread popular support) was recalled (1925) as a caretaker until elections were held. Nearly 90% of the people are at least nominally Roman Catholic. The movement toward independence began in 1810 under the leadership of Juan Martínez de RozasMartínez de Rozas, Juan, 1759–1813, Chilean revolutionist, b. Mendoza, Argentina. The city is the political and administrative center of Chile. The leading imports in 1974 were foodstuffs (33.1 percent of the total value of imports), machinery and transport equipment (23 percent), fuel (14.3 percent), and chemical products (11.8 percent). The agrarian reform announced in 1967 was carried out extremely slowly. The Coliseo Theater opened in Santiago in 1815. The next year the Ballet Folklórico Nacional was established under the direction of R. Reys. Almost all the country’s rivers are short and drain into the Pacific Ocean. A lawyer and editor, he was a founder (1938) of the National Falange, an independent party based on progressive Christian principles, which in 1957 became the core of the new Christian Democratic..... Click the link for more information. The Santiago Metropolitan Region has the largest population of all other parts at 7,009,092. Seymour, 69, clarifies remark on being able to play 25. In the 1964 presidential election (in which Eduardo Frei MontalvaFrei Montalva, Eduardo Nicanor, 1911–82, president of Chile (1964–70). The struggle for independence, which gathered momentum under the influence of the victory of the French Revolution, was led by J. In 1980, Chile had about 100 daily newspapers. Led by O’Higgins, the commander in chief of the patriots, and supported by the army of the Argentine general J. San Martín, the Chileans defeated the Spaniards at the battle of Chacabuco (February 1817) and entered Santiago. The colonial aristocracy and the clergy had been discredited because of royalist leanings. In September 1973 the popular government was overthrown by a military revolt planned by domestic and foreign reactionaries. on the Strait of Magellan is the world's southernmost city. Along with religious productions, Spanish theatrical companies and local amateurs staged plays by Spanish playwrights. A national style was championed by the composers C. Lavin, P. H. Allende Sarón, C. Isamitt Alarcón, R. Acevedo, and J. Urrutia Blondel, whereas European musical trends were closely followed by the composers E. Soro, D. Santa Cruz (Wilson), A. Letelier Liona, J. Orrego Salas (who moved to the USA in 1961), and G. Becerra. One of Francisco Pizarro's best officers in the conquest of Peru, educated, energetic, somewhat less cruel and avaricious than his fellow conquerors, Valdivia obtained permission from Pizarro to..... Click the link for more information. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb...... Click the link for more information. O’Higgins became the supreme ruler of Chile. , who was sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru to explore the southern region, led a party of men through the Andes into the central lowlands of Chile but was unsuccessful (1536) in establishing a foothold there. Although all of S Chile is forested, only the drier northern part has exploitable timber resources; Puerto MonttPuerto Montt, city (1992 pop. Valparaiso prospers as a port city where more than 50 international cruise ships dock every summer. 1971); R. Debray, The Chilean Revolution: Conversations with Allende (tr. Farming is oriented toward grain growing and beef and dairy cattle raising. The country has deposits of iron, manganese, lead, zinc, barite, and other ores, as well as petroleum, natural gas, and coal. The Chilean lake district is a noted resort area. The transport system is well developed with roads and highways connecting Santiago with other towns and ports like San Antonia which lies to the west and Valparaiso located to the northwest. Strong earthquakes centered off N Chile in Apr., 2014, and Sept., 2015, resulted in significant but relatively limited damage. During most of the colonial period Chile was a captaincy general dependent upon the viceroyalty of Peru, but in 1778 it became a separate division virtually independent of Peru. Patagonia is a geographic region consisting of Argentine Eastern Patagonia and Chilean Western Patagonia, which together form the geographic space/area known as Patagonia. 1–2, 1925–35), imbued with a despairing rejection of the world, gave way to the civic poetry of Spain in My Heart (1937) and then to General Song (1950), an epic about the land and people of Latin America. Further south, the elevation of the Andes decreases (Mount San Valentin, 4,058 m); volcanoes arise along the foot of the western slopes (a large number of active ones are found between 37° and 43°S lat. Pinochet stepped down as head of the army in 1998 and was made a senator for life. Between the Andes and the Coast Ranges is the Vale of Chile, a long valley divided into basins by Andean spurs. Among swine, erysipelas, hog cholera and infectious atrophic rhinitis have been recorded; among poultry, Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis, infectious laryngotracheitis, mycoplasmosis, Marek’s disease, pullorosis, leukosis, and fowl cholera and pox; among sheep, infectious enterotoxemia, ecthyma contagiosum, and mange; among rabbits, myxomatosis and coccidiosis; and among horses, strangles, horse influenza, and lymphagitis ulce rosa pseudofarcinosa. Chile did not take part in World War II, although it declared war on Germany in February 1945 and on Japan two months later. An outstanding example of such a work is A. Skarmeta’s novel I Dreamed of Burning Snow (1975). V Valparaíso Region boasts a population of 1,790,460 settled in an area of 6,331 square miles. You'll find countless flights to Santiago with LAN.com, ensuring you'll find the the … ), numerous channels, and deep fjords. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/capital+of+Chile. Founded in 1541, Santiago is the largest and capital city in Chile. pop. Vina del Mar has 13 beaches, and festivals such as the International Song Festival which is the largest festival in Latin America. The main railroad, running from Pisagua in the north to Puerto Montt in the south, has branch lines to seaports and mineral deposits. Other major Creolists were F. Gana (1867–1926), R. Maluenda (born 1885), F. Santiván (born 1886), and L. Durand (1895–1954). The Chile Congress building constructed during the Pinochet regime stands in Valparaiso. and his brothers. The cosmopolitan lifestyle of Santiago is a well-blended mixture of North America and European influences. - See if you can answer this Capitals of the world trivia question! A leader of a liberal, anticlerical group, he was sent as minister (1878) to Argentina, where he successfully prevented Argentina from entering the War of the Pacific...... Click the link for more information. Also in 2005, the border with Peru again became a source of international tension as Peru laid claim to offshore fishing waters that Chile controlled; a 2014 ruling by the International Court of Justice awarded Peru a little more than half of the disputed waters. In 2000 prosecutors successfully brought human-rights-related charges against Pinochet, but they were dismissed because of health issues. Another fine novel, Prize Horse (1957) by F. Alegría (born 1918), portrays a man’s search for his identity in a hostile bourgeois society. New narrative techniques and psychological probing distinguish the prose of the 1950’s and 1960’s, notably the works of C. Droguett (born 1915) and J. Donoso (born 1926). Founded after Chile’s independence was proclaimed in 1818, the Ramadas Theater staged national plays, among them The Daughter of the South, or The Independence of Chile (1823) and The Chilean Girl (1827) by M. Magallanes. After the first Popular Front government came to power in 1938, there was a heightened interest in social issues. The region accounts for 60 percent of the country’s cattle, 55 percent of the pigs, 30 percent of the goats, 45 percent of the wheat harvest, 85 percent of the rye, and more than 90 percent of the rape. Decorative painting and sculpture flourished, as well as portraiture and engraving (A. Santelices). As far as 35°S lat. The Allende government strongly advocated peace and international security, supported peaceful coexistence and the cooperation of states with different social systems, and opposed colonialism and neo-colonialism. Create. d’Halmar (1882–1950), best known for his novel Juana Lucero (1902), and J. Edwards Bello (1877?–1968)—were attracted to the aesthetics of naturalism. Copper accounted for 71.7 percent of the total value of 1974 exports, iron ore for 5.3 percent, saltpeter and iodine for 2.2 percent, pulp and paper for 4.4 percent, and agricultural and fishery products for 4.2 percent. The city boasts a neoclassical city centre with winding streets and neo-classical architecture, including Art Deco and neo-Gothic styles. Topography. The northern provinces average two to three persons per sq km. Sign Up. (1970, directed by A. Francia), and Araucana (1971, directed by J. Coll), a joint production with Spain and Italy. There is a well developed funicular system that connects Valparaiso to the surrounding regions. The region's scanty population is concentrated along the coast and in oases; the ports of AricaArica, city (1992 pop. The main economic activities are livestock raising for meat and milk and the cultivation of grain crops. Sao Paulo, Brazil's largest city, has 11,000 buses for 12 million people; Santiago, the capital of Chile, 9,000 buses for 5 million people (Exhibit 1). ), Climate: Temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south, Nationality: noun: Chilean(s); adjective: Chilean, Population: 16,284,741 (July 2007 CIA est. Former president Arturo AlessandriAlessandri, Arturo, 1868–1950, president of Chile (1920–25, 1932–38). islands, and the Diego Ramírez islands. The state oil company ENAP is responsible for the exploration, extraction, and refining of petroleum.
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